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Fixed Income

Secured Bonds: Added Benefit in the Face of Uncertainty

2020 February - 3 min read

With a number of macroeconomic and geopolitical risks on the horizon, some investors have (perhaps rightfully) adopted a more cautious outlook when it comes to allocations to risk assets. In some cases, this has meant taking a closer look at senior secured bonds.

The spreading coronavirus is the latest reminder that the global economy remains vulnerable to shocks—especially those that investors don’t see coming. The primary culprit behind the recent uptick in market volatility, this joins a handful of other lingering macroeconomic and geopolitical risks—from trade and regional politics to commodity prices and global growth. There is also no sidestepping the fact that we are a long way into a credit cycle that’s over a decade in the making—a reality that has kept markets on edge, and investors on their toes, for the better part of the last few years.

In times like these, when uncertainty seems to be the only constant, some investors have (perhaps rightfully) adopted a more cautious outlook into the future when it comes to allocations to risk assets. For some, this has meant taking a closer look at senior secured bonds—for a few key reasons.

High Historical Recovery Rates

As we discussed in detail here, senior secured bonds have historically offered higher recovery rates than unsecured bonds—a result of being senior in the capital structure and secured by some or all of a borrower’s assets. While senior secured bonds are not recession-proof, they often sit alongside senior secured loans in a company’s capital structure—meaning that in the event of default, senior secured bondholders are typically positioned alongside loan investors for a potential recovery.

Senior secured debt is also secured by issuer collateral—practically speaking, this means that if an issuing company defaults, senior secured lenders are in a favorable position, relative to unsecured creditors, to drive a debt restructuring in a way that allows the greatest amount of principal investment to be recovered.

HISTORICALLY HIGH RECOVERY RATES (1987–2018) 

Source: Moody’s Global Average Corporate Debt Recovery Rates.
 

Less Exposure to Energy 

At the index level, senior secured bonds have a materially smaller weighting in energy (5.76%) relative to the broader high yield market (12.42%)1.  Even as the broader high yield market posted an impressive performance in 2019, high yield energy credits came under pressure due to concerns over supply/demand dynamics—namely increased global production—and uncertain economic growth. In fact, almost half of all U.S. defaults in 2019 were concentrated in energy, as certain companies faced operational and logistical constraints that inhibited free cash flow generation and slowed the process of deleveraging. 

The challenges facing the energy sector—particularly oil—have been amplified very recently amid concerns that the aforementioned global health risks could dampen both economic growth and demand from China. While it is impossible to predict how these risks may unfold longer-term, senior secured bonds, given their lower exposure to the energy sector, may be in a better position, compared to the broader high yield market, to weather any ongoing choppiness.
 

Shorter Duration 

Monetary policy, and the uncertainty around interest rates, also remains top of mind for many investors. As is the case with high yield generally, senior secured bonds tend to be shorter-duration relative to investment grade credit—meaning the asset class tends to be less influenced by the longer-term direction of interest rates. In that capacity, rather than trying to anticipate the trajectory of interest rate movements over the next 10 years, investors have an opportunity to lock in yields and spreads on a shorter, often two to three-year basis.

SENIOR SECURED BONDS ARE SHORTER DURATION VS. THE BROADER HY AND IG MARKETS

Source: Bank of America Merrill Lynch. As of December 31, 2019.

Looking at high yield today, there is very little pricing distinction between secured and unsecured high yield bonds—and investors in the senior secured part of the market are earning those spreads over a shorter timeframe, and with the added potential benefit of higher recovery rates.
 

The Takeaway

2019 was certainly a strong year for high yield—with positive returns across bonds and loans. And while a slowdown in earnings growth is possible, or perhaps even probable, high yield issuers today are generally reporting stable earnings and cash flow, and we expect default rates to remain low. 

But volatility has crept back into picture, and will likely continue to punctuate markets going forward. In this type of environment, it is worth pointing out that high yield as a whole has exhibited relative strong performance over time, including through periods of volatility. Within that, senior secured bonds offer the added benefit of being secured by the assets of the underlying company—a particularly appealing characteristic in the event of a widespread or material increase in defaults.

1. Source: Bank of America Merrill Lynch. As of December 31, 2019. 

The document is for informational purposes only and is not an offer or solicitation for the purchase or sale of any financial instrument or service.  The material herein was prepared without any consideration of the investment objectives, financial situation or particular needs of anyone who may receive it. This document is not, and must not be treated as, investment advice, investment recommendations, or investment research.

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In making an investment decision, prospective investors must rely on their own examination of the merits and risks involved and before making any investment decision, it is recommended that prospective investors seek independent investment, legal, tax, accounting or other professional advice as appropriate.

Unless otherwise mentioned, the views contained in this document are those of Barings. These views are made in good faith in relation to the facts known at the time of preparation and are subject to change without notice.  Parts of this document may be based on information received from sources we believe to be reliable. Although every effort is taken to ensure that the information contained in this document is accurate, Barings makes no representation or warranty, express or implied, regarding the accuracy, completeness or adequacy of the information.

Any forecasts in this document are based upon Barings opinion of the market at the date of preparation and are subject to change without notice, dependent upon many factors. Any prediction, projection or forecast is not necessarily indicative of the future or likely performance. Any investment results, portfolio compositions and/or examples set forth in this document are provided for illustrative purposes only and are not indicative of any future investment results, future portfolio composition or investments.  The composition, size of, and risks associated with an investment may differ substantially from any examples set forth in this document.  No representation is made that an investment will be profitable or will not incur losses. Where appropriate, changes in the currency exchange rates may affect the value of investments.

Investment involves risks. Past performance is not a guide to future performance. Investors should not only base on this document alone to make investment decision. 

This document is issued by Baring Asset Management (Asia) Limited.  It has not been reviewed by the Securities and Futures Commission of Hong Kong.

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